Nyt jokainen voi testata onko kosmopoliitti. Stan van Hooft määrittelee kosmopoliittisuuden 21 ehdon kautta, mikä on kyllä aika vaativaa: niiden läpimiettimiseen, ja itsensä lokeroimiseen, menee tovi. Heti ensimmäinen ehto vaikuttaa kummalliselta. Maltillinen isänmaallisuus ei tietysti estä kosmopoliittisuutta, mutta kuinka se voi olla välttämätön ehto. Miksi sitten kutsumme ihmisiä, jotka toteuttavat muut ehdot, mutta eivät ole lainkaan isänmaallisia (esim. koska “proletariaatilla ei ole isänmaata”)?

Ehdot ovat tässä (via Notre Dame Philosophical Review):

(1) measured endorsement of patriotism;

(2) opposition to nationalism and chauvinism;

(3) willingness to suspend narrow national interests in order to tackle global problems such as those of environmental degradation or global justice;

(4) respect for human rights as universally normative;

(5) acknowledging the moral equality of all peoples and individuals;

(6) respect for the peoples of the world as united by reason, sociability and a common humanity;

(7) belief in a globally acceptable concept of human dignity;

(8) benevolence to all others irrespective of race, caste, nationality, religion, ethnicity or location;

(9) willingness to come to the aid of those suffering from natural or man-made disasters, including extreme poverty;

(10) commitment to justice in the distribution of natural resources and wealth on a global scale;

(11) global solidarity with struggles for human rights and social justice;

(11) global solidarity with struggles for human rights and social justice;

(12) commitment to the liberalization of immigration and refugee policies;

(13) acknowledging the sovereignty of nation-states while insisting on limitations to that sovereignty in order to secure human rights and global justice;

(14) quest for lasting world peace;

(15) respect for the right to self-determination of peoples;

(16) preparedness to prosecute crimes against humanity internationally;

(17) acknowledging the rule of international law;

(18) commitment to open and participatory political processes globally;

(19) religious and cultural tolerance and an acceptance of global pluralism;

(20) dialogue and communication across cultural and national boundaries;

(21) seeing the world as a single polity and community. (19-20)


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